top of page



SCIENTIFIC NAME: Himantura spp.

DISTRIBUTION: Indo-West Pacific

IUCN STATUS: Endangered

THREATS: Over fishing, habitat loss and climate change.

This species complex of large patterned whiprays is under constant review due to persistent taxonomic conflicts. We are working with partners to shed light on the biogeography of these species to inform management across their range. They are threatened with extinction due to overexploitation, and to date, receive little attention.

bottom of page